Caricature and cartoon, in graphic art, a humorously deformed drawing or likeness created to satirize or ridicule its subject. Today, comics are primarily employed in newspapers to express political commentary, editorial opinion, and magazines to convey social humor and visual wit. A caricature is a distorted portrayal of a person, kind, or activity. A conspicuous aspect or trait of the subject is frequently selected and emphasized, or characteristics of animals, birds, or vegetables are replaced for portions of the human being, or comparison to animal activities is drawn. In general, one thinks of caricature as a line drawing intended for publishing for the entertainment of those who know the original; the unique feature is generally present. The term caricature is derived from the Italian verb caricare, which means “to load,” “to surcharge,” and exaggerated detail. It appears to have been used by Mosini in Diverse Figure (1646). When the 17th-century sculptor-architect Gian Lorenzo Bernini traveled to France in 1665, he originated the term caricature. There may be some influence from the concept of carattere (Italian: “character”) or perhaps cara (Spanish: “face” in the use of the verb caricare as a source for the word. In any case, the face is the starting point for most caricatures. It is possible that underlying the series of overlapping profiles with various extraordinary noses, chins, and brows that Leonardo da Vinci and Albrecht Dürer independently drew around 1500 was an observation not only of contemporary human types but also of the fact that the heads of rulers on coins and medals, when worn with age, often became ridiculous. Caricature acquired quite a broad word after its diffusion as ideas and exercises in the 18th century from Italy and France to Great Britain. By the end of the 19th era, the English comedic operetta makers Gilbert and Sullivan described the “caricature of a face” in one of their sub-hoots. Therefore maybe, although caricatures as currently known have been progressively developed from caricatures from the 15th century, it is perhaps not unexpected that caricatures are a 19th-century word.